The idea of having books in one location for the use of the public began on the 9th March 1893 as a reading room for the privileged.

Branch library service in St. Vincent and the Grenadines goes as far back as 1907 when the first out-district service was established in the town of Georgetown.

In 1982, the National Documentation Centre was established and The National Archives was established in 1990. With the introduction of these two (2) units, the department was then called the Department of Libraries, Archives and Documentation Services.

The National Public Library (Kingstown) is the focal point of the library service in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.